laryngocarcinoma Can be Cured
Mr. Anderson is fifty-six years old. One year ago, he had been diagnosed with throat cancer. Though the cancer was at the early stage, he still accepted “whole throat-cut surgery” which was suggested by his doctor, in case of recurred. Since then, Mr. Anderson can only use E-throat to communicate with others, and even his swallowing function is severely impaired.
Most Recently, Mr.Anderson happened to see an article online about the treatment of laryngeal cancer. He was surprised to find that, in fact, having throat cancer may not have to have early laryngeal cancer surgery, some patients byradiation therapy alone (chemotherapy) and surgery can also get the same effect and survival.
Regard of this, physicians assert that, with improvements in radiotherapytechniques and equipment, radiotherapy has become a major clinicaltreatment of laryngeal cancer. For some patients with early, you can notdo surgery, radiation therapy to cure through a simple purpose. In addition, radiotherapy can be used as adjuvant treatment after surgery, to increase and consolidate the therapeutic effect, to compensate for the lack of surgical treatment.
Greatly affected the quality of life with lost throat
Throat is the body’s breathing arteries, but also vocal organs, connectedwith the pharynx, then under the trachea, in addition to respiratoryfunctions, throat, voice and swallowing function well. Has been total laryngectomy in the clinical treatment of laryngeal cancer dominates theadvantage of a relatively complete tumor excision, local recurrence is relatively small. The disadvantage is that patients will lose their life-longthroat, loss of normal language function, can not guarantee a normal-physiological respiratory pathway. This is some of the early patients, especially patients with cancer is still localized, really sorry.
Received a total laryngectomy many patients may not know, the tumor itself is not affected throat swallowing function, but is receiving a total laryngectomy surgery, the muscles near the throat are affected, with notswallow, so will difficulty eating place, food is often into the airway,choking and so on.
For this reason, more and more attention in recent years the medical profession to remove the tumor in the throat at the same time to preservethe function. That is the premise of complete resection of the tumor, notthe best cut can not cut, to cut only a small part, do not cut more. After alot of practice, many doctors concluded that the half-pipe or partial laryngectomy and 5-year survival rate of less than total laryngectomy.
Laryngeal cancer is sensitive to radiation
“For some of the early laryngeal cancer patients, we prefer to keep the throat, treated by radiotherapy alone.” Shi Jianjun explained that this is because the laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the main, squamous cell generally more sensitive to radiation. And studies have shown that early laryngeal cancer, especially no lymph node metastasis of laryngeal cancer, radiotherapy to the patient’s long-term survival with surgery rather. ”Even the failure of radiotherapy, the patient to undergo salvage surgery, the success rate is still 80%.”
More importantly, simple chemotherapy can better protect patients such as speech and swallowing function, the maximum guarantee in the patient’s quality of life. ”But for the late phase of laryngeal cancer patients, if surgery can win, it’s best to radiation therapy as adjuvant treatment more appropriate.
Laryngeal cancer are sensitive to the radiation also depends on many factors. For example, the surface of cancer or ulcer-type shallow ulcers were moderately sensitive, the tumors were infiltrating no ulcer is less sensitive to radiotherapy. On tumor location, the top or edge of the vocal department at the cancer, the most sensitive to radiation, the effect of radiation therapy are the best, in the subglottic area are generally not Choose radiotherapy.
The key is to make early detection
Laryngeal cancer patients by radiotherapy alone can not save the throat, the most critical point is “early.” So, how can early detection of laryngeal cancer it? Shi Jianjun to reporters about the characteristics of early laryngeal cancer:
Persistent hoarse voice: hoarse voice is the most early signs of laryngeal cancer. Laryngeal cancer is long in the tumor on the vocal cords, even before the small size, there will be a hoarse voice. All adults and unexplained hoarseness occurred more than two weeks, the throat should be done carefully checked, not be taken lightly. Because at this time were superficial, often mistaken as “cold” or “sore throat” due.
Throat paresthesia: foreign body sensation, a sense of urgency or discomfort swallowing, supraglottic cancer is the early symptoms.However, this type of cancer is often not obvious symptoms start until two, three only to be found, trace history, up to several months.
Cough, bloody sputum: the tumor stimulation can produce irritating cough, bloody sputum, mucus adhesion patients often feel. After the tumor will increase the airway obstruction, tracheal secretions from the poor, causing respiratory infections, wheezing or difficulty breathing, is manifested in the late persistent coughing, and changes in pronunciation.
Any age over 40 years of age, while those who have the symptoms, the best to the hospital as soon as possible to be a simple indirect laryngoscopy for early detection of problems.