Lymphoma Can Be Cured
Lymphoma is a very common form of cancer, according to experts, from children to elderly people may suffer from lymphatic system cancer, because lymph system is one very important immune organ, the 20-year-old to 40-year-old human lymphatic system is a very active state, so there are more patients with lymphoma. At present, the lymphoma incidence rate of 0.002%, an annual increase of about 250,000 patients, nearly 20,000 deaths, the threat of lymphoma is rapidly emerging. But cancer is not incurable disease, especially lymphoma, such as Henry Fok and Luo Kyoto cured of. Here are some of lymphoma of the profile, hope to help a friend in need.
Translator: lymphoma a decade ago took my dearest father. Today, compare the Internet in English related to lymphoma and found the quality of content, quantity, depth, there is still a big gap. This is what I started doing the driving force behind one of the words translated. Well, today began to translate this topic.
This article translated from the United States “Lymphoma Information Network.” Here to a few introductory article “What is lymphoma,” “symptoms” and “cause”, “prognosis (treatment)” merger translated. The site also a lot of depth (for different types of lymphoma) and update the content quickly, such as lymphoma blog.
Most critical information: the majority of lymphoma is treatable. Ten years ago, I wish to hear this message …
Update (July 26, 2007): See: monoclonal antibody therapy of lymphoma
What is lymphoma?
Several types of lymphoma is a primary cancer in the lymphatic system collectively. The role of the lymphatic system is to filter bacteria, help the body fight disease. Lymphatic vessels in some parts of the body widens to form lymph nodes. Most people can touch the lymph nodes in the armpit or neck (eg, increased risk of infectious leukocytes Infectious mononucleosis / mono or infection).
Lymphoma is the lymphatic system in some of the cells to reproduce out of control, when all cells have similar happens to be a malignant or cancer. According to the different types of cell proliferation, as well as the different appearance of cancer, lymphoma is divided into different categories. The two most important categories of human lymphoma is Hodgkin’s disease (marked by a technique called Reed-Sternberg cells in cancer of the growth) and non-Hodgkin’s disease. If you want to know the difference between the two more, please refer to the chart.
According to ACS (Translator: American Cancer Society) 2005 statistics, the nation’s annual average of 56,390 people (29,070 men, 27,320 women) were diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s disease.
And Hodgkin’s disease will be about 7350 new cases. The chances of women suffering from Hodgkin’s disease is slightly lower than men. In 7350 cases, men will account for 3980 cases, 3370 cases of women.
Contrast the early 1970s, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma incidence almost doubled, while the incidence of Hodgkin’s disease is reduced by about 60%. Increase in the incidence of AIDS increased incidence of non-Hodgkin’s disease from a certain influence, because the destruction of the immune system of patients to make them more susceptible to other diseases. More advanced detection means makes the previously diagnosed lymphoma cases are diagnosed.
Lymphoma is a very serious disease. (Translation: Of course, all cancers are very serious, but please read on.) Particularly lymphoma symptoms was not significant so it is often difficult to diagnose. Because many other diseases can cause the response of the lymphatic system confusing diagnosis.
If you need to know about lymph nodes (Lymphedema) – one kind of the tissue gap caused by excessive abnormal lymph nodes – instead of lymphoma, see here.
In addition, the occurrence of lymphoma in animals and humans are not related.
There are several symptoms of lymphoma, but almost is not unique to lymphoma (such as infection or “Cat Scratch Fever Cat’s Claw hot” will have similar symptoms). Also note: not all of the following symptoms will appear, which also increases the difficulty of diagnosis.
The following is a list of symptoms, and they belong to the types of lymphoma (Ho = non-Hodgkin’s, non = non-Hodgkin’s)
* Lymph nodes. Usually occurs in the upper body, but may also in other parts of the lymph nodes and lymphoid organs of the body. With common infections caused by different lymph nodes, which are usually painless lymph nodes of. (Any non-)
* Fatigue, weakness (where non-)
* Weight loss – usually short period of time decreased by 10% or more. (Any non-)
* Intermittent fever. Often accompanied by chills or feeling hot and cold (any non-)
* Night sweats – missed by the night sweats, often breathable (common in Ho)
* Itch – without the skin cause itching, and sometimes feeling deep in the skin, rather than the surface. Sometimes different parts of the body (common in Ho)
* Fever above 38 degrees for a week.
As well as some less common symptoms of some
* Inexplicable back pain (which may be enlarged lymph nodes nerve) (where non-)
* Pain in lymph nodes after drinking alcohol (any)
* Skin patches (skin patches), lesions and itching (skin, non-Hodgkin’s disease)
A large proportion of lymphoma in routine physical examination, X-ray, and even prenatal discovery. From the external symptoms difficult to diagnose lymphoma.
Lymphoma prognosis (treatment)
This site aims to provide more new information. If you read 10 years ago and the books, or other information, you will find very difficult to cure lymphoma. If the book 30 years ago, that the strongest people will despair.
The reality is that in the past 30 years, the treatment of lymphoma have a very good progress over the past decade is a real breakthrough. (Translator: translation of this show was last updated in December 2005.) And some non-Hodgkin’s treatment is a recently emerged. So the key word here is “Do not panic.” Lymphoma with 30-35 sub-categories. And efficacy of treatment will be different. Another important factor is the stage or spread of cancer cases. Typically, the local spread of cancer than has not spread to other parts of the body the cancer easier to treat. But: a wide range of lymphoma do not have to fear the transfer. Give an example: I was Hodgkin’s disease four patients (with lung and bone marrow transfer) – is simply the transfer was to be more widely how wide. Disease by targeting the author of the standard chemotherapy treatment, the author of the cancer in nine months all disappeared.
Treatment is not for everyone equally effective? No one can guarantee a hit – because each individual response to treatment are different. Fortunately, if a treatment is not effective or completely ineffective, and usually the second (or third, fourth) and effective treatment. And is continuing emergence of new treatments, but also to bring greater hope in patients with lymphoma.
Most of lymphoma is treatable – lymphoma patients should be confident. You should begin to actively learn about information:
* The type of lymphoma (Hodgkin’s or non-Hodgkin’s)
* Lymphoma sub-types (there are five kinds of Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s 25 or more)
* The spread of cancer cases (stage)
* The patient’s health condition and age
Perhaps there are other factors – please ask your health care, and write them down. Information is very important. One to help you record this information is Joanie Willis books written by The Cancer Patient’s Workbook (work records of cancer patients).Without this book, they used a stack of paper to record also the line.
Initial grasp of the information, you can read the literature, and further to consult your health care provider. You can also return to the site, further in-depth understanding of one aspect of the information.
The cause of lymphoma
This is the most difficult question to answer on the website. People still do not understand the cause of lymphoma.
Lymphoma seems to have some genetic predisposition, but this has not been verified. Some researchers believe that genetic factors as well as environmental incentives (such as pollution) can cause lymphoma. But that was not enough evidence.
National Cancer Institute (NCI) study in the early 1990s that the hair, especially long-term use of dark hair products, as well as professional reasons and dye exposure, and the occurrence of certain cancers. Including non-Hodgkin’s disease. But the researchers pointed out that these studies are not designed to study the relationship between hair products designed and cancer, it is not possible to prove the necessary connection between the two. A 1998 study suggests that the dye has nothing to do with non-Hodgkin’s disease. The January 2004 study showed the long hair and non-Hodgkin’s disease are linked.(Translation: My father did because Shao Baitou reason, long hair.)
Studies have pointed out that some of the digestive tract of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (malt lymphoma MALT Lymphomas) may be caused by Helicobacter pylori infection (Helicobacter pylori infection) caused. In addition, Epstein-Barr virus and Burkitt’s lymphoma in certain genes linked to dislocation.
With the human genome project (Human Genome project) progress, more and more we understand the relationship between lymphoma and genetics. Lymphoma biopsy showed many genes to change. And Burkitt’s lymphoma and Hodgkin’s disease have a number of genes associated. 2005, a new study shows people who have a family history of leukemia, suffering from Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin likely than average to be twice as high.
The United States in the Vietnam War large-scale use of herbicides, orange agent (Agent Orange) are considered relevant and non-Hodgkin’s disease.
The study also shows that with weakened immune systems, including cancer, including lymphoma. The combination of a virus or bacteria infection and lymphoma associated genetic factors support this view. The cases of lymphoma in AIDS patients is another evidence. However, most patients with AIDS-lymphoma.
In addition, 15% celiac desease (a kind of gliadin abnormal reaction of hereditary bowel disease) patients may be suffering from lymphoma.
There are twenty or thirty kinds of lymphoma, and different (such as non-Hodgkin’s and Hodgkin’s, B cells and T cells, etc.). Is likely to be difficult in the future conclusive that the cause of lymphoma. The development of genomics is likely to explain the key to all this.